The Electoral College completed their Constitutional duty and officially certified the results of the 2020 Presidential election where they resoundingly elected Joe Biden (D-DE) as the 46th President of the United Sates. Despite the constant objections of Donald Trump and his desire to stay in power, this Constitutional Republic was designed by brilliant minds like James Madison to ensure that despots like Trump couldn’t steal an election and assume power in the United States.
For those that are Constitutionally illiterate, let me set the historical stage for you.
2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no senator or representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.
Article 2 Section 2 of the United States Constitution
The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a list of an the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the Senate. The president of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President.
This clause, (the longest clause in the Constitution), sets up America’s unique method of elections: the Electoral College. Hamilton and the other Founders believed the electors would be able to ensure that only a qualified person becomes President. They believed the existence of the Electoral College would make it unfeasible for anyone to manipulate the citizenry. The Electoral College was to act as check on an electorate, lest they be duped. Hamilton and the other Founders did not trust the population to make the right choices. The Founders also believed the Electoral College had the advantage of being a group that met only once, and thus could not be manipulated over time by foreign governments or others. In addition, the Electoral College was created as part of compromises made at the Constitutional Convention to satisfy the small states. Under the system of the Electoral College, each state had the same number of electoral votes as they have representatives in Congress. No state can have less than three representatives. In a recent election the state of Wyoming cast about 210,000 votes. With the minimum three electors, each Wyoming elector represented 70,000 votes. In this same election, California cast approximately 9,700,000 votes, which translated into 54 electors, requiring 179,000 votes per elector. This, obviously, creates an unfair advantage to voters in the small states whose votes actually count more than the votes of those people living in medium and large states.
This original clause of the Constitution was modified with the addition of the 12th amendment. The original formulation of the clause did not differentiate between electors pledged to candidates running to be President or Vice President. This resulted in Thomas Jefferson, who was the runner up in electoral votes to John Adams becoming his Vice President, despite the fact they were opponents in the election. If it had not been modified, President Trump would be President Joe Biden’s Vice President.
Despite the calls of fraud and voter intimidation President Trump cannot overcome a system that was designed by the likes of James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington. This system stood the test of time today as members of the Electoral College met in their respective states and sent a message to the elites like Trump that they will not be intimidated by thugs who tweet at them.