SURVEY: Who Do Libertarians Consider Libertarian?



This poll was conducted by 55 of currently 312 members of the Libertarian Vindicator Polling Committee, a group that aims to have 10 libertarians, both party members and non-party members, from each state, including the District of Columbia, for a total of 510 members that seeks to create representative data of libertarians across the United States. The poll was conducted using



  1. In your own words, define an “open-tent” style of membership.
    • Anyone who wants more freedom and pays their dues.
    • Taking in the ideas of both the left and right sections of the party in order to maximize ideas for freedom whilst building the broadest base possible
    • Open tent style membership is that anyone can join the party by registering to vote as a libertarian
    • Anyone who believes in the principles of free market, freedom and government not interfering with anyone’s natural right’s is welcome to be part of the movement.
    • Open to everyone with an interest in individual liberties.
    • Including everyone with an interest in libertarianism.
    • All are welcome and not everyone agrees, but compromises can be made.
    • Never heard of it but assume it just means anyone and everyone
    • We accept all who accept the basic tenets of libertarianism
    • In terms of libertarianism, a unifying belief in less govt and adherence to the NAP makes someone Libertarian. So as long as you fit that, you’re in.
    • You can invite the who’re into church, but don’t have her preaching from the pulpit next Sunday.
    • Accepting any one
    • Open Tent is Receptive to all opinions and perspective views.
    • Membership that appeals to and promotes a broad coalition of voters
    • I believe it would include conservative and liberal leaning libertarians with core values. Preferably non- interventionists at its core
    • Hmm, not entirely sure but I would guess that it refers to members having access to open-source tools equally and without barriers
    • Members don’t need to embrace every position to the letter, but should agree with the overarching message and cause of the party
    • Accepting opinions and contributions by party members who broadly agree on core platform issues, but may differ on the details of achieving philosophical goals
    • Those who work towards freedom, and are willing to work with others on common goals regardless of labels
    • Open to anyone who subscribes to the non-aggression principle. Any political or economic system can be peacefully advocated for, and as long as adherents seek to persuade instead of force, there is room for them in the LP.
    • I understand that to mean a membership system that gives privileges even to those who might not fit all of the expected qualifications for full membership?
    • Open to those who support liberty, non-coercion, and respect for the property and land rights of others
    • To be open to members that may hold differing social views, as long as they hold individual liberty as priority
    • Keeping the platform and requirements for membership as limited as possible to allow the maximum number of prospective members to join. In the case of Libertarianism as a movement, my preference would be Peace, Tolerance, Limited Government, Individualism, and Free Markets. In the case of the Libertarian Party, further limitations may be required to sustain the survivability of the party.
    • The tent is more open when less ideological purity is required, when more fellow travelers are welcome.
    • Accepting of all philosophical ideals that are willing to accept the party SOP and meet the requirements for membership.
    • An open-tent style of membership would allow for membership of a plethora of individuals who believe that interactions between individuals are best when not coercive. These individuals need not necessarily have a pro-capitalist or anti-government bent, but must be willing to respect other beliefs and follow a general principle of non-aggression.
    • Open tent membership is letting in everyone even if they don’t hold the same ideals we do.
    • Open to different styles or ideas as long as everyone agrees to the basic principles of the party.
    • Being inclusive of all with libertarian sensibilities, ranging from radicals/anarchists to moderate libertarians and minarchists
    • Diverse membership, maybe doesn’t agree on everything but ready to stop the 2-party machine
    • It means that we don’t all have to agree on the smaller details. We don’t have to share religious beliefs or personal philosophies. We can work together to move government in the direction we want it to go- smaller and less intrusive.
    • Open tent style membership is using a wide umbrella of platforms to try to get more members
    • In my eyes, a member of the Libertarian Party is someone who identifies as a Libertarian
    • A group where anybody is welcome.
    • Anyone welcome
    • An open tent membership is one in which purity tests, and criteria are minimal to non-existent.
    • One that welcomes diversity and shows respect to all viewpoints.
    • Many separate ideological factions united by a common interest in libertarianism
    • Being against the use of force and coercion to achieve political or social goals
    • Open-tent would include many different philosophies of thought.
    • Accepting members who disagree on important aspects of libertarian doctrine.
    • I feel like it’s about embracing a broader sense of Libertarianism spanning moderate as well as pure forms of basic beliefs of Libertarianism.
    • Those willing to work with us to further our political goals.
    • Anyone is welcome that comes with an open mind, willing to learn and to have their views challenged.
    • People who are open to be part or interested in the libertarian movement.
    • One that takes the most basic approach without rejecting the core principles that were the foundation to begin with
    • Ultimately, open-tent means that we welcome open tonight and debate from all points along the libertarian spectrum that wish to decrease governmental influence and control, increase individual liberty, and expand economic freedom.
    • Allowing many different types of Libertarians, i.e: Minarchist, Ancaps, etc., so long as they agree with the NAP and want to make government smaller and less intrusive
    • A membership mode which welcomes people from broad background and those who hold a wide range of perspectives.
    • One that does not have single-issue litmus tests for exclusion. One that emphasizes core general principles, such as increased freedom, decreased government, and personal responsibility but does not dictate tactics or positions.
    • A large-scale approach to get a group of individuals who all agree in some aspect to obtain a goal
    • Allowing all ideology to join but keeping the core principles of libertarianism.
    • Anyone who wants to join is welcome.
    • Allowing people with different views but similar core values to be members
  1. Do you believe the liberty movement should embrace an open-tent style of membership?
    • Yes, 80%
    • No, 11%
    • No Opinion, 9%
  1. Do you believe the Libertarian Party should embrace an open-tent style of membership?
    • Yes, 76%
    • No, 16%
    • No Opinion, 7%
  1. Are you a member of the Libertarian Party?
    • Yes, 84%
    • No, 16%
    • Prefer Not to Respond, 0%
  1. Under your definition of an open-tent style of membership, which of the following ideologies should be considered libertarian?
    • Classical Liberals, 94.5%
    • Minarchists, 87.3%
    • Anarcho-capitalists, 85.4%
    • Constitutionalists, 76.4%
    • Objectivists, 76.4%
    • Individualist Anarchists, 74.5%
    • Paleo-Libertarians, 67.3%
    • Libertarian Republicans, 67.3%
    • Left Libertarians, 63.6%
    • Libertarian Democrats, 58.2%
    • Egoists, 32.7%
    • Georgists, 29.1%
    • Alt-Right Libertarians, 16.4%
    • Libertarian Socialists, 14.5%
    • Other, 12.7%
      • Voluntaryists
      • Conservatarian
      • Liberaltarian
      • Any ideology that believes in self ownership, self-responsibilities, and a person owns the fruit of their own labor.
      • Christian Libertarians
      • Right Libertarians
      • Anyone who agrees on the basic principles
    • Libertarian Marxists, 12.7%
    • Democratic Socialists, 12.7%
    • Libertarian Communists, 9.1%
  1. Under your definition of an open-tent style of membership, what qualities are most important to be libertarian?
    • Belief in liberty, 96.4%
    • Free markets, 87.3%
    • Non-aggression, 85.5%
    • Belief in free speech, 85.5%
    • Property rights, 83.6%
    • Small government, 81.8%
    • Individualism, 80%
    • Voluntaryism 61.8%
    • Capitalism, 60%
    • Anti-racism/sexism/ableism/ homophobia, 30.9%
    • Anti-nationalism, 20%
    • No government, 14.5%
    • Mutual aid, 12.7%
    • Pro-choice, 10.9%
    • Other Option, 5.5%
      • I didn’t choose “anti” anything, but that doesn’t mean I think the party should tolerate those who openly promote racist/sexist etc. rhetoric.
      • Anti-authoritarianism, Anti-corporatism
      • Religious Liberty
    • Pro-life, 3.6%


  1. Of the previous listed qualities, list them from most to least important.
    • Belief in liberty, 2.07
    • Belief in free speech, 4.22
    • Free markets, 5.04
    • Non-aggression, 5.29
    • Individualism, 5.40
    • Property rights, 5.94
    • Small government, 6.36
    • Capitalism, 6.73
    • Voluntaryism, 7.93
    • Anti-racism/sexism/ableism, 9.84
    • Mutual aid, 10.43
    • Anti-nationalism, 10.60
    • No government, 11.54
    • Pro-life, 11.71
    • Pro-choice, 12.71


  1. If applicable (if not select N/A), Which of the following reasons best describe why you feel Alt-right libertarians don’t fall under your definition of the “open-tent”? (Select all that apply)
    • White nationalist/white supremacist views, 60%
    • Anti-immigrant views, 54.55%
    • Nationalist views, 43.64%
    • Anti-Muslim views, 41.81%
    • Pro racially divided covenant communities, 32.73%
    • Other Option, 23.64%
      • Their views are not so much the issue as how they act upon those views. I cannot see how their views would not infringe upon others rights.
      • Dislike of other people for dumb reasons. But I think if Libertarians are live and let live and they aren’t preaching to hurt those they hate then we’re supposed to let them hate. However, libertarians should also make it clear that they don’t agree with small minded views like that. Let’s accept them but not their words or behavior.
      • They’re socialists.
      • Intolerance.
      • Attempting to use govt to enforce their personal beliefs instead of protecting liberty for everyone.
      • Do not believe in non-aggression.
      • Their views oppose core libertarian values, namely adherence to universal suffrage and innate, inalienable human rights. They assign rights based on birthright rather than humanity.
      • Do not share our values.
      • They are more so conservative for one group of people instead of being fair in liberty for all.
      • To some extent, all of those!
      • Assuming these fit the definition of ‘Alt-right’ that is.
      • All the stuff checked can fall under authoritarian views which is the opposite of libertarian.
      • Tariffs- not free markets
    • Support of President Trump, 20%
    • Secure border views, 18.18%
    • N/A, 14.55%
  1. If applicable (answer N/A if not), explain why Alt-right libertarians fall under your definition of “open-tent.”
    • True alt right people won’t stick around when they learn more about the core principles. Libertarians will.
    • The alt-right, like any political movement, is a spectrum. There are those that commit vile acts, but we need not vilify the whole for the actions of a few.
    • In terms of the NAP and the 1st Amendment, words don’t hurt people. If they’re hanging Nazi flags off their porch and standing in their yard raising hell about black people, they aren’t actually hurting anybody. If they keep that shit to themselves and don’t hurt anyone, idgaf. Especially if they’re actively advocating for the same things as me. If it ever became a problem in the future I’d address it then.
    • Because anyone that wants to call themselves a libertarian is a libertarian whether we agree or not.
    • Only if extremely moderate. The Alternative Right and the regressive Left in Libertarian Circles demand mutual understanding first and foremost.
    • As despicable as they are, an alt-right Libertarian who does not seek to use force to enact their philosophy is a fellow traveler — just not one I’d want to be down wind of.
    • N/A – (My answer will seem contradictory; if I don’t think that anti-racism is important, why don’t I want Alt Righters in the party? I believe the LP should be anti-racist, but should not advocate the use of government force to combat racism. We support free speech, but that doesn’t mean we support YOUR speech.
    • As long as they want less government and what government is necessary to be more local, close enough for me.
    • As long as they vote L
    • In the LP, it is hard for some to agree with you 100%, even 85%, and if we exclude Alt-Right then we are just missing the opportunity of more votes and more figures of the party.
    • Not all alt-righters apply, but most of the alt-righters I know are not white supremacists, racists, or bigoted. They are, however, Constitutionalists that abhors political correctness. Obviously, once alt-right extends into white supremacy, racism, violence, and governance that encourages and promotes those values, it no longer falls under the “libertarian” tent in my opinion.
  1. If applicable (if not select N/A), Which of the following reasons best describe why you feel Libertarian Socialists don’t fall under your definition of the “open-tent”? (Select all that apply)
    • Anti-land ownership views, 60%
    • Equal distribution of wages, 58.18%
    • Anti-capitalist views, 58.18%
    • Rent is theft, 54.55%
    • Ownership of means of production, 38.18%
    • Mutually owned businesses, 18.18%
    • Mutual aid views, 14.55%
    • Other Option, 14.55%
      • Libertarian socialist ideas are good to have in the discussion but the issue with their ideology is that still more “government” that needs to be. The reality is that unions and such just end up being a government with its own bureaucracy.
      • Identity Politics.
      • In my eyes communism is the complete Pilar opposite of Libertarianism, and communism is right next to socialism
      • The audacious caucus is cancer!!!
      • Do not believe in non-aggression
      • Their views oppose core libertarian values, namely the NAP. Their social goals require coercive means. They want coercive social policy. Deal breaker.
      • Libertarian Socialism is an oxymoron. It’s an ideology better described as voluntaryism.
    • N/A, 10.9%
    • Anti-racism/sexism/ableism views, 5.45%
    • Open border views, 3.63%
    • Pro-diversity views 3.63%
  1. If applicable (answer N/A if not), explain why Libertarian Socialists fall under your definition of “open-tent.”
    • True socialists won’t stick around once they learn about the core principles. ! libertarians will.
    • They follow non-aggression principle. The rest will be sorted out through democratic process to select leadership.
    • If the alternative right is acceptable, the socialist left should be allowed in as well. However, both extremes should be kept in their place where matters of Liberty are concerned.
    • The rent is theft part of the group is the only problem I have with them. Most of them want voluntary communes
    • I don’t believe a voluntarily socialist community can be sustainable, but LibSocs are welcome to get together and try it as long as they don’t force me to participate in it.
    • As long as they vote L
    • The Audacious caucus/socialists have proved there worth, most don’t provide anything of a positive nature to the party. Sexual harassing bums
    • Socialism is about sharing things with the community at its most basic level. To the extent that ‘Libertarian Socialism’ is defined by the idea that it is Voluntary sharing of goods and services with others then it can fundamentally work since it does not violate the NAP or involve coercion to achieve redistribution.
  1. If applicable (if not select N/A), Which of the following reasons best describe why you feel Classical Liberals don’t fall under your definition of “open-tent”?
    • N/A, 94.55%
    • Belief in a form of limited government, 3.64%
    • Belief in a form of welfare, 3.64%
    • Belief in government having a limited role in markets, 1.82%
    • Belief in some form of taxation,1.82%
  1. If applicable (answer N/A if not), explain why Classical Liberals fall under your definition of “open-tent.”
    • Classical liberals follow most LP principles.
    • We need to build the largest base possible, incorporating all ideas compatible with freedom
    • Classical liberals in my opinion tend to be anarchist that realized that pure anarchy is a utopian idea. Classical Liberals realized that although governments are evil they are necessary to a point.
    • Belief in limited government and belief in government having limited role in markets.
    • Cause they’re the original libertarians.
    • Classical Liberals believe in liberty and don’t try to make certain groups protected classes.
    • Because I am one and I am one. No one can tell me what I am or am not
    • Their core beliefs of a free market, minimal government, laws to protect citizens against wrongs committed by others, national defense (not offense) fall within the acceptable range of “libertarian” for me.
    • Personal rights property rights
    • Belief in less govt. and NAP
    • Similar if the same beliefs as a libertarian
    • They are one of the closest true libertarians in philosophy and practice.
    • I believe many libertarians are classical liberals already for the most part.
    • They believe in liberty and a limited government
    • Classical liberalism is the philosophical foundation of libertarianism.
    • Minimal govt
    • Classical liberal minarchy is the “default” libertarianism — the pole at the center of the tent that holds the rest up.
    • They were the original proponents of individual rights over against the state. They were the original libertarians.
    • Classic liberals primary goal has always been about the ideal of liberty
    • Classical Liberals Support Peace, Tolerance, Limited Government, Free Markets (to a degree), and Individualism.
    • They are the heart of libertarianism
    • While they are not entirely anti-government, they still follow libertarian beliefs for the most part, and a great deal of libertarian thinkers were classical liberal.
    • Desire smaller government and more freedom.
    • Views are generally consistent with libertarian principles and ideas
    • As long as they vote L
    • Belief in personal liberty
    • They have a good idea of Libertarianism and they follow enough of the principals that they are acceptable in my opinion, and like I’ve said, if they agree enough then we are just losing votes
    • Classical Liberal = Libertarian
    • Classical Liberals (myself) Fall under the Libertarian “open-tent” because they hold to many of the precepts circa 1776 like the American Revolution, and “The Wealth of Nations.”
    • From my understanding, they do allow for expanded liberty instead of an invasive government.
    • Small government, property rights
    • Individualism and free markets with a none interventionist foreign policy
    • They believe in self ownership, non-aggression, and small government
    • Libertarianism is a more-consistent expression of very similar views. It doesn’t take much to convert a classical liberal into a libertarian.
    • Their belief in Limited government
    • Shares our values.
    • Classical liberals still believe in individualism and non-aggression, or at least enough to where there can be mutual agreement.
    • They are closer to smaller government principles and share similar ideals.
    • I see them as the most ‘sellable’ brand right now.
    • Classical liberals believe in maximizing individual rights and economic freedom.
    • Classical Liberals (minarchists) provide a workable platform for getting elected, even if they don’t go far enough for the ancaps.
    • True liberalism can, if properly rationalized, coexist with libertarian ideas
    • They hold the core principles of Libertarianism.
    • belief in freedom
  1. If applicable (if not select N/A), Which of the following reasons best describe why you feel Anarcho-capitalists don’t fall under your definition of the “open-tent”? (Select all that apply)
    • N/A, 87.27%
    • Inability to combat monopoly/corporatism, 7.27%
    • Anarchy would be a return to feudalism, 5.45%
    • No government, 3.64%
    • Lack of market regulation, 1.82%
    • Anarchy would be survival of the fittest, 1.82%
    • Other Option, 1.82%
      • They throw rocks and beat people up in the streets.
    • Privatized police, 0%
  1. If applicable (answer N/A if not), explain why Anarcho-capitalists fall under your definition of “open-tent.”
    • Ancaps follow most LP principles.
    • Anarcho capitalist at least believes in free markets and freedom of choice. While they may be extreme to me, it would be better to have them working to change the course of our current government. Once we begin to move into the correct direction that would be the time to revisit this type of question.
    • Limited government. Can use some of their views to create platform.
    • Cause they’re moderate radicals. I have a couple ancap views myself.
    • Don’t care
    • While I don’t think I can go that far, Anarcho-capitalists are perhaps the purest libertarians.
    • Take the idea of liberty to its logical conclusion. All rights are property rights.
    • Belief in little to no govt. as well as NAP
    • Similar beliefs
    • Sometimes they do and sometimes they don’t. They may be more loners then team players, however their spirit is true libertarian.
    • They believe in liberty and free markets
    • An/caps, though I don’t agree with them 100%, are the some of the most dedicated activists of the movement.
    • Many of them are extreme and don’t accept other levels of libertarianism
    • AnCaps are extremists and purists, but make good activists for moving the Overton Window. Once we achieve minarchy, they’ll be a good. Anchor to counterbalance the statists who will be trying to force us to bloat government again.
    • They believe in unlimited freedom; their only flaw is that they take things too far sometimes
    • They support liberty, property rights, free exchange.
    • The views held by anarcho capitalists is one of the core views of Libertarianism, keeping government out of the free market
    • An-Caps support Peace, Tolerance, Limited Government (to a much greater degree), Free Markets, and Individualism.
    • Only disagreement is when to stop shrinking government; we’re nowhere near there yet
    • While I personally am not terribly capitalist, I understand that individuals may be willing, inside of an open market, to employ themselves to others in a manner like capitalist enterprises now. I also realize that libertarianism is limited government, and what better limit on government than not having it?
    • Desire smaller government and more freedom.
    • Views are generally consistent with libertarian principles and ideas
    • They do
    • They want to decrease the size of govt. If we get to a point where some of us think the govt is small enough, then we can part ways, peacefully, at that point.
    • I mean Anarchist seem to be for No Government rather than less Government, but as long as they pull their weight and vote Libertarian I am OK with them in the LP, plus they have a lot of great ideas such as get the government out of marriage completely.
    • They’re extreme fringe libertarians
    • Anarcho-capitalists form an extremist perspective of Libertarianism, which is needed to debate the pros and cons of policy vs philosophy.
    • They emphasize personal freedom
    • Free trade
    • Individualism and free markets with a none interventionist foreign policy
    • They believe in self ownership, private property rights, and non-aggression
    • The more voluntary a libertarian society is the closer it is to the anarchist ideal. I see no fundamental contradiction between the two.
    • Their belief in Limited to no government in certain areas.
    • Supports the direction we need to move
    • An-Caps still believe in individual liberty.
    • They share in the same principles but to the utmost degree.
    • Quite possibly the most principled faction of the movement
    • Extreme and unpragmatic as this version of libertarianism may be, it is still promoting policies on the individual liberty-economic freedom paradigm.
    • Purest form of the NAP, even if it isn’t always practical in real world situations
    • They hold the core principles of Libertarianism
  1. Please explain why (answer N/A if not) you would not include any other form of libertarian in your open-tent.
    • Communism in any form made material thus far is incompatible with the basic ideas of libertarianism.
    • Any form of communist or socialist ideology is not compatible with personal choice and responsibility. I do not see how I would fit into their ideal without being forced to comply.
    • I think admission into the party or movement should be less about how “Libertarian” they are before we admit them and more about if they want to see taxes better used, if they want to see the state reduced, if they want to see economic conditions improve, etc. If people agree with us on the basics, we’re more likely to keep them once the usual bullshit rolls around again. Feel me?
    • Don’t care
    • They each violate or don’t meet one or more of the basic criteria I think are necessary to fit within the open tent.
    • They don’t understand the philosophy. They just like some
    • If you are advocating against the NAP, or for big govt, you aren’t a Libertarian
    • I think libertarians can lean may different directions but there need to be some main commonalities. I’ve listed some above. If they don’t have the core beliefs down then they aren’t and shouldn’t want to be libertarians.
    • I’m not sure I understand what open tent even means
    • Any philosophy that seeks to persuade, rather than force, IS participating in the free market of ideas. I am willing to put my principles against anyone else’s, excluding no one who does not use force as an argument, and rely on my principles to prevail.
    • Communists, Marxists, and Democratic socialists are all under the same issues as the above for libertarian socialists. They don’t permit individual property rights.
    • Again, very simply, if you believe in Peace, Tolerance, Limited Government, Free Markets, and Individualism, I believe you should be a Libertarian. Alt-Righters are not tolerant. Socialists don’t believe in free markets. Any version of Libertarianism must pass that test to qualify, in my opinion.
    • I would allow them all into the liberty movement just not into the Party to be able to steer the party away from its ideals.
    • If the group desires more government and less freedoms.
    • By allowing so many with such a vast net of opposing stands, all within the same party, would destroy the foundation of the party. we should be loud and clear about with no apologies exactly what we stand for, what our mission is.
    • All who believe in more freedom, and more individual responsibility, and a very limited government are welcome.
    • The essential requirement for being a member of the Libertarian Party, is adherence to the Statement of Principles, and the NAP.
    • I don’t know what Egoists and Georgists are; I consider Democratic Socialists and Marxist and Communist Libertarians to be the same as Socialist Libertarians (see above)
    • I fill that a Libertarian must respect all people’s personal rights and all people’s property rights and should never advocate infringing any of those rights.
    • Some use word libertarian without the values of our party
    • There needs to be a quart of commonality between all factions, that’s impossible with some of these friends groups.
    • N/A – I’m not familiar with the definition of every type of Libertarian listed in Q6
    • The ones that are more extreme on the left and right tend to leave libertarianism behind as they push toward those ends. This is why they are excluded.
    • The far right and far left do not hold the core principles, therefore shouldn’t be included





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